Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.
Here are some warning signs that can signal a problem:
- Gums that bleed easily
- Red, swollen, tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste
- Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
Some factors increase the risk of developing gum disease. They are:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Crooked teeth that are hard to keep clean/missing teeth leading to gaps and
- Medications, including steroids, certain types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer
some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
See your dentist if you suspect you have gum disease because the sooner you treat it
the better. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. If you have
gingivitis, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the
disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning
at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.
Advanced gum disease is called periodontitis this can lead to the loss of tissue and
bone that support the teeth and it may become more severe over time causing mobility
of the teeth and eventually the loss of your teeth.
Studies indicate that severe gum disease may be associated with several other health
conditions such as diabetes or stroke and other heart conditions.
We at dentart emphasize the need to maintain the teeth and hence the health of your gums. We perform every periodontal procedure to meet that need Procedures like simple scaling to complex surgical procedures like Flap surgeries are performed at our office. Periodontal plastic surgeries is the latest treatment modality in esthetics which includes bone grafting and soft tissue (connective tissue) grafting this aids in improving the gingival architecture whereby increases the longevity of your dentition as well as improving the esthetics of the patient. We at Dentart provide all the necessary treatment modalities which help our patients. We encourage our patients to routinely get their dental scaling done at least twice a year as a preventive measure to keep their dental health optimum